In recent times, the world has been stirred by the outbreak of a coronavirus in Wuhan, a region of China. The latest news says that coronavirus has spread to a number of countries. The virus that is thought to cause pneumonia looks like SARS that cannot be cured by using antibiotics.
Of course, this makes many people worry because the coronavirus is one of the most dangerous viruses in the world, of course knowing what the virus is, how the symptoms are, and how to prevent it from becoming infected.
Before discussing what the symptoms are and how to prevent coronavirus infection, it would be nice if you first understand what coronavirus itself. Coronavirus (CoV) is a zoonosi virus that means this virus is spread through animals and humans. This virus is a large family of viruses that can cause a variety of diseases ranging from the common cold to more severe illnesses such as MERS and SARS.
Coronavirus Symptoms and Preventing
Actually, most of the coronavirus is not dangerous. However, Coronavirus has several types. Based on the WHO page, the Chinese government confirmed that the type of coronavirus that was endemic in late December 2019 was a new type of coronavirus and was not similar to other corona viruses. Meanwhile, the virus is named after the 2019 coronavirus novel (2019-nCoV).
2019-nCoV caused pneumonia in Wuhan, China at the end of December 2019. This is a new type of coronavirus and has never been identified in humans before. According to the Journal of Medical Virology, most people infected with 2019-nCOV are exposed to wild animal meat which is widely sold in the Huanan seafood market. From the research conducted, it can be concluded that the coronavirus that infected at the end of December 2019 was from snake.
1. Coronavirus Symptoms
People infected with coronavirus can show different symptoms. This depends on the type of virus and how serious the infection. One of the common symptoms of coronavirus is an upper respiratory infection such as coughing, nasal congestion, sore throat, and sometimes fever. In addition, coronavirus can also cause middle ear infections in children.
Most people will not know what causes the condition, whether coronavirus or other viruses such as rhinovirus. If the symptoms that arise due to coronavirus infection are still relatively mild then you can treat it by getting enough rest and taking free drugs. However, if the coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract, namely the throat and lungs, this can cause pneumonia, especially in the elderly, people with weak immunity, or people with heart disease.
The following are some of the coronavirus symptoms that cause mild to moderate upper respiratory infections:
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
While coronavirus symptoms that cause conditions that are more serious and lead to bronchitis and pneumonia, include:
- Cough with phlegm
- Quite high fever
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain when coughing or breathing
If you experience some of the symptoms mentioned above then you need to tell the doctor about the location you just visited or contact with animals. This will make it easier in the examination process to determine whether the symptoms that arise are due to coronavirus or other infections.
2. Coronavirus Prevention Method
Until now, there is no vaccine available can prevent coronavirus. However, several ways you can do to avoid coronavirus infection.
- Wash your hands with soap and warm water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching the nose, hands, or mouth with hands that have not been washed.
- Avoid close contact with an infected person.
- Clean the items that you often touch.
- Cover your mouth when you cough and sneeze using a tissue and wash your hands immediately.
- Use a mask.
Please note that there is no specific treatment for people infected with coronavirus. Most people will recover by themselves. However, if serious symptoms occur, be sure to consult a doctor immediately to get the right treatment.
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